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– Washington DC Family Law Dictionary


EGREGIOUS FAULT – behavior so improper on the part of a litigant that it is significant enough to have an impact on how a court decides ancillary issues of a divorce, such as finances and custody.

EMANCIPATION – the point at which a minor comes of age. The age is typically 18 or 21.

EMPLOYMENT/EMPLOYEE BENEFITS – fringe benefits provided to an employee.

ENCUMBERED – when a lien, mortgage or other restraint is placed against a property.

ENTIRE CONTROVERSY DOCTRINE – a legal theory that, in some states, requires a litigant to bring all his or her claims from the same series events or with the same parties in one action.

ENTREPRENEURIAL PROFIT – a market – derived figure that represents the amount an entrepreneur expects to receive in addition to costs; the difference between total cost and market value.

EQUITABLE DIVISION (DISTRIBUTION) – a system of dividing property acquired by spouses during their marriage in connection with a divorce proceeding. This is the law of Maryland and DC.

EQUITY – the net proceeds from the sale of a home, minus the fees of the solicitor and the real estate agent and the satisfying of the mortgage.

ERISA – the Employment Retirement Income Security Act, a federal law governing private sector employee benefits, including vesting and the administration of certain qualifying retirement plans.

ERRORS AND OMISSIONS – refers to professional liability and malpractice insurance.

ESOP — an employe stock ownership plan.

ESSENTIAL OF MARRIAGE – a material fact or issue pertaining to a marital relationship.

ESTOPPEL – a defense in a legal action.

ESTATE – a right or interest in property or the property of a deceased person.

ET SEQ. – a Latin phrase meaning “and the following.”

ESTATE – a right or interest in property.

EVALUATION – a study of the nature, quality, or unity of a parcel of real estate or interests in, or aspects of, real property, in which a value estimate is not necessarily required.

EVIDENCE – documents, testimony or other informational material offered to the court to prove or disprove allegations in the pleadings.

EXHIBIT – an item of evidence presented to the court.

EX – PARTE – court relief that is granted due to the absence of opposing party.

EXPECTANCY – future proceeds from an estate.

EXPERT WITNESS – a professional used to help a judge reach a decision. Experts can include: Appraisers, Counselors, Evaluators, Accountants.

EXTRAORDINARY EXPENSES – not the usual or ordinary costs or expenses.